The european regulation applicable to vehicle and their Electrical and Electronic sub-parts rely on several directives with regular amendment :
- Directive 72/245/EEC amended by 2006/28/EC : relating to the suppression of radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility) produced by motor vehicles - "Automotive" directive.
- Directive 97/24/EC (chapter 8) : electromagnetic compatibility of two or three- wheel motor vehicles and of electrical or electronic independant entity.
- Directive 75/322/EEC amended by 2001/3/EC : relating to the suppression of radio interference (elctromagnetic compatibility) produced by agricultural or forestry tractors.
Our lab located in Sochaux is specialised in EMC test on vehicle and is able to realise the entire required tests for the achievement of the CE marking of the vehicle (cars, four wheels vehicles, bikes,...).
Most of our EMC labs take into account the applicable requirements in the frame of the electrical and electronic sub-parts.
The e marking concretise the reception / approval by a member state.
- It applies to all vehicles concerned by the directives 72/245/EEC, 97/24/EC and 75/322/EEC and for all electrical and electronic sub-parts intended to vehicles concerned by these 2 last directives (agricultural and forestry tractors, bikes, sidecars, four wheels vehicles, ...)
- For the electrical and electronic sub-parts concerned by the directive 72/245/EEC, the entry into force of the directive 2004/104/EC with adaptation to technical progress established by directive 72/245/EEC (see history) has modified the requrements for the marking of the electrical and electronic sub-parts with distinction between second-hand sub-parts and those with safety or not functions.
The second-hand electrical and electronic sub-parts without safety functions concerned by the "automotive" directive should be de facto subjected to a CE marking (procedure of the EMC directive 2004/108/EEC or R&TTE 1999/5/EC in the case of radio products) however with EMC requirements combining the entire directives.
The first-hand electrical and electronic sub-parts and those with safety functions are concerned by the e marking.
The safety functions are describe in the directive 2004/108/EEC like those linked to immunity :
- functions directly linked to the vehicle control :
- by a working alteration or modification, as example engine, gear box, brakes, shock absorber, active steering wheel or speed limit devices,...;
- by an action on the driver's position : as example seat or steering wheel adjustment ;
- by an action on the driver's visibility : as example headlights, windscreen wiper ;
- functions linked to the safety of the driver, of passengers and of other road users :
- as example, airbag systems and retaining security systems ;
- 3 functions, when disturbed, lead to an inconvenience for the driver and other road users :
functions linked to the vehicle data bus :
- visual disturbance : wrong working, for example of indicators, stop lights, reversing lightswarnings; wrong indications from warning systems, lesncombrement ou de position arrière, des rampes de signalisation des véhicules d voyants ou les afficheurs, en rapport avec les fonctions visées aux points 1 et 2, susceptibles d’être observées dans le champ de vision directe du conducteur ;
- acoustic disturbance : wrong working, for example of burglar alarm or of horn ;
functions which, when disturbed, affect the regulatory datas of the vehicle :
- by blocking the information transmission within the data bus systems of the vehicle (which attend to pass on the necessary information for the good working of other functions linked to the immunity) ;
- as example, tachograph or milometer.
Focus on the electrical and electronic sub-parts in the frame of the "automotive" directive 72/245/EEC lastly amended by 2006/28/EC
Old approach directive (tests to be carrying out are defined in last amended directive), which fit into the CE receipt by type of vehicle and which govern the entire regulatory EMC constraint applicable in Europe for vehicle and its sub-parts.
- The first-hand electrical and electronic sub-parts and the second-hand safety 'ones (burglar,immobilizer, navigation systems or fleet management linked to the vehicle data bus and to other safety functions, ...) are subjected to the provisions of the e marking directive.
Equipments are submitted to emission and immunity tests (for the safety sub-parts) in the condition specified by the "automotive" directive.
- The non safety second-hand equipments (ice box, DVD reader, PC, ...) are subjected to a conformity declaration following procedure of the EMC directive 2004/108/EC (or R&TTE 1999/5/EC if necessary) : CE marking.
Equipments are submitted to emission tests (radiated emission random and narrow band), to transcient immunity tests specific to motor vehicle (ISO 7637-2) define in the "automotive" directive, and to test campaign established by notified bodies (on the base of the EN 50498 Ed. 01/2008 project) pending the publication of harmonised standards in the official journal of the French Republic.
Among other things, the e marking has not the same achievement procedure as the CE marking.
The CE marking is based on the conformity declaration of the person responsible for placing on the market (self-certification) when the e marking request the intervention of a third body (certification).
Tests linked to the e marking shall be carry out by an accredited body recognised by the National Authority.
Test results attached with the manufacturing file, are passed on to the national authority via the notified body and the manufacturer shall demonstrate a sufficient quality organization to ensure that equipments produced are same as tested samples (as example ISO 9002).
For the electrical and electronic sub-parts in the frame of the e marking, Emitech is recognised by TÜV automotive (Munich) which with all you CE reception files.
In order to have more reactivity, the TÜV works in parternship with the irish ministry for the reception number.
Specific rules for the marking are apply and, depending on the case, an "e" stamp with a particular symbol must be visible (rectangle bordering and "e" and a digit as member state key + a 4 digits number defining the basic reception number).
The E marking as an extension to the e marking.
The "E" marking (ECE approval) follow the ECE rules N° 10 (ECE R10).
Based on an extension of the old e marking as defined in the directive 95/54/EC, it allows to market your equipments within the European Union but also in some countries outside EU (Japan, Australia, Russia, etc.).